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History about City of Indonesia

Written By Fajar Rahmana on Thursday, April 03, 2014 | Thursday, April 03, 2014

Name : Fajar Rahmana
Class : 3EB18
NPM : 22211643
Subject : Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2
Task : Find Some Histories about City of Indonesia



1) Jakarta


The name of Jakarta used since colonial rule Japan in 1942, to describe the area of the former municipality in Batavia which was inaugurated the Government Indies Netherlands in 1905. This name is considered a shortening of the word Jayakarta (Sanskrit), given by the people of Cirebon and Demak under the leadership of Fatahillah (Faletehan) after it invaded and occupied Sunda Kelapa Harbour on June 22, 1527. The name is usually translated as ' city of victory ' or ' city of victory ', but the true meaning is ' victory earned by a single act or effort '.

Other forms of spelling of the town's name has been used since a long time. Portuguese historian Jo o de Barros in D sia da rock (1553) mentions the existence of ' Xacatara by another name Caravam (Karachi) '. A document (Charter) of Banten, which read Van der Tuuk epigraphy experts have also been called term wong Jaketra, similarly named Jaketra is also mentioned in the letters of the Sultan of Banten, Banten and Sajarah Hoessein Djajadiningrat, as researched. Report Cornelis de Houtman 1596 mentions Prince Wijayakrama as the koning van Jacatra (King of Jakarta).

2) Padang


There are no definite data who gave the name of the city of Padang. This city was originally expected to be either a field or a vast plain so that the named field. In Minang, the word ' desert ' can also mean sword.According to the City Council, tambo was anciently formed part of the shoreline, which was founded by the nomads of the Minangkabau Highlands of Minangkabau (darek). Their first settlements were villages in the southern suburbs of the stem Or in what is now called Across the field.

3) Balik Papan


The 10 pieces of the Board back to the Jenebora than 1,000 copies requested by the Sultan of Kutai as donations of building materials for the construction of a new Palace of Kutai Lama. The tenth Board behind the Kutai people referred by Balikpapan . So region along the Balikpapan Gulf located in Jenebora called Balikpapan.

Turning the sand tribe (Tribal Balikpapan) is a descendant of his grandfather and grandmother named Kayun Kuleng Board and Swinging. So the area along the Balikpapan Gulf by his descendants, called Kuleng-Board or means of Balikpapan (Paser, Kuleng meaning Behind).

4) Yogayakarta


The name Yogyakarta being drawn from two words, namely Ayogya which means ' peace ' (or without a war, a ' no ', it refers to yodya or yogya yudha, meaning ' the war '), and Karta, which means ' good '. Site of the Palace itself, according to the Chronicle (e.g. Chronicle of Giyanti) and leluri (oral history) had a servant named Dalem Gerjiwati; and then renamed by Sunan Pakubuwono II as Dalem Ayogya.

5) Banjarmasin


In the Java language, Banjarmasin means salty grounds, while the history of West Java and Banjarmasin's name comes from a noted family of Royal palaces in Singapore which Mahasin fled to Banjar area due to the attack of Srivijaya and then stand the Kingdom of Banjar Mahasin , but the original name of the city of Banjarmasin is the Banjar-still , in 1664 the Netherlands still renders it Banjarmasch or Banzjarmasch.

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